|Orange occupies predominant place among citrus plants. It is an evergreen tree belonging to the class of rue, cultivated in the subtropics. |
Orange-tree fruits contain 87,7% of dry substance, including 8,4% of carbohydrates, 0,9% of proteins, 1,4% of cellulose and 0,4-0,5% of pectin. The colour of orange peel is determined by the presence of cryptoxanthin. Orange peel contains 1,2 - 2% of various essential oils.
100 grams orange - 38 kkal.
|There are one thousand sorts of apples and each sort has its own advantages. They contain apple and citric acids, tanning agents, microelements (potassium, magnesium, iron, sulfur, manganese, phosphorus), pectin substances. Apple seeds contain a lot of iodine; they say that the daily need of iodine can be satisfied with 5-6 apple seeds. Dieticians recommend adding apple vinegar to "live" salads.|
Apple vinegar is a rich source of potassium which makes green vegetables (potherbs) ready for better digestion and assimilation.
|Pears are very rich in mineral substances (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, silicon). There are relatively little vitamins in pear. It is recommended to eat pears during the diseases of blood circulation system and kidneys. They have a refreshing effect on the entire organism and help lowering body temperature.|
Cultivated sorts contain a lot of cellulose and pectin compounds, they improve digestion and the functioning of intestines in general.
|Grapefruit is an evergreen heat-loving tree belonging to the class of rue. It only grows in the subtropical regions. Its crop capacity is 200 - 300 fruits per tree. Ripening in December, grapefruits perfectly preserve its value until July. in ascorbic acid - 30 - 50 mg per crude substance. |
There are sugars and organic acids as well. Grapefruit is a worthy rival of lemon but it has better taste. All you need to know is that all bitter taste is contained in membranes between lobules.
|Lemon is famous for its high C vitamin content. During many centuries physicians treated their patients with orange and lemon juices against rheumatism, scurvy, and as a precaution against poison and plague.|
In 1795 even a special law was promulgated for the daily distribution of a portion of lemon juice to the ship crews.
Out of flowers, peels and leaves of citrus plants essential oils are extracted, their fruits and peels are infused for the preparation of wines and liqueurs, fruits are candied and the dried peels are added to the confectionery products.
Lemon fruits contain
87,7% of dry substance, including 8,4% of carbohydrates, 3,5% of sugars, 0,9% of proteins, 1,3% of cellulose and more than 1% of pectin.
Lemons are rich in organic acids - 6 - 8%, that is why they are used for the extraction of citric acid.
|It intensifies metabolism, increases the blood level of endorphines, which rise up spirits and improve general state of health, surge of energy is felt…|
|It contains phytoncides and therefore can be used as a preventive agent against catarrhal diseases. Garlic butter intensifies metabolism and helps loosing excessive weight.|
|Cabbage is rich in C vitamin. It belongs to anti-oxidants which helps strengthening body resistance against negative environmental impacts.|
|Potato contains a lot of starch - vegetable polysaccharide possessing a high nutritious value.|
|It is rich in phytoncides. Sap of one onion can kill several billion microbes.|
|Tomatoes occupy a special place in nutrition because of their high acid content, mostly with apple and citric acids. Apple and citric acids are necessary for human organism only if they are in organic state. They have positive influence on blood formation, improve body metabolism. To benefit from the useful substances contained in tomatoes, it is very important to combine tomatoes with other products correctly and not to process thermally. It is recommended to eat tomatoes uncooked and preferably in the season.|